Easy Tips to Set Up a Kitchen Garden at Home


1. Set up a vegetable garden in the right place at home

To arrange a vegetable garden at home (on a windowsill, balcony, terrace or outdoors), choose a site that receives at least four to five hours of sunlight. Use the vertical space in the same way as the horizontal space by cultivating objects on walls, fences and trellises in a sunny place. If you plan to grow vegetables on a window, make sure that the mosquito net is strong enough to support the weight. Remember that when watering, the plants and pots become heavier.

2. Kitchen gardening: choose a nutrient-rich soil

For a blooming vegetable garden, get the right soil mixture, because the nutrients contained in the soil will determine the health of vegetables and fruits. With ordinary soil from a nursery, add compost, coconut peat and natural fertilizer. You can also add cow dung. Coconut peat made from coconut shells is essential for retaining moisture and controlling soil temperature.

3. Choose the right planters or raised beds for the vegetable garden at home

Kitchen gardening does not require a lot of space. You can maintain a vegetable garden both in containers and in raised beds or on the ground. Vegetables can grow in small pots or hanging baskets, but tomatoes, potatoes, ginger and eggplants need a large container. The advantage of growing vegetables in pots is that if space is limited, you can place the pots in such a way that they receive the maximum amount of sunlight. Carrots, herbs, peppers, potatoes, radishes, lettuce and spinach can easily grow in containers. When choosing containers, make sure they are the right size for what you are planting-for example, potatoes will need a deeper pot than cilantro. Raised gardening is a great way to grow vegetables if the native soil is poor or has poor drainage, as you can fill the bed with good quality soil.

4. Start your vegetable garden at home with microgreens

Always have a grass or microgreens in the vegetable garden as a starting point and plenty of leaves for a healthy salad. We can grow nutritious micro-vegetables such as wheatgrass, radish, fenugreek, beetroot or spinach, etc. Micro-greens are edible vegetables and herbs harvested in less than 14 days after germination. They have an aromatic taste and are full of nutrients.

“Microgreens are about one to three inches tall. To grow microgreens, you need a shallow container (the larger the area, the more products). With the soil, mix coconut peat (a mixture of dust as well as unusable fiber ends) or coconut shells, if available. Soak the methi seeds or wheat seeds in it overnight. Place an inch of potting soil on the bottom of the container and smooth it out. Sprinkle the soaked seeds evenly over the surface of the soil. Cover the seeds with a thin layer of earth and spray the soil with water. Spray water on the floor every day to keep it moist. The microgreens are ready to be harvested after 10 to 12 days. Cut the greenery above the ground line and rinse it well before using it,” says Priyanka Amar Shah from Mumbai, founder/eco-founder of iKheti, which promotes urban agriculture.

5. Expand your vegetable garden at home with vegetables
If you’ve always dreamed of a vegetable garden, here are some simple ways to get started:

How to grow a mint plant from a stem

Take fresh mint with a thick green stem and place it in a glass of water. Change the water every day. After a few days, thin white roots begin to sprout. Remove the stem from the water and place it in a saucepan. Make sure that the pot has holes for water drainage. This is one of the valuable vegetable garden tips to protect your plants from damage. Place the container in a sunny place and water it regularly. As soon as the foliage increases, you can cut it for culinary purposes.

How to grow cilantro and fenugreek from seeds

Coriander can be grown from the seeds available on the market. Break the seeds in half, then sow them. Distribute the seeds evenly so that everyone has enough space to grow. Similarly, you can sprinkle the seeds with methi and cover them with soil. Plant it in a tray rather than in a pot, as it will provide more seedling space for your kitchen farming. Expose the container to direct sunlight.

How to grow tomatoes from slices

Take a few slices of tomatoes and place them in a saucepan. Sprinkle a handful of soil on top. Sprouts appear after 10-12 days. After about 2 weeks, once your tomato plant has grown, transplant it into a larger pot in your garden. You can also grow bell peppers and chili peppers with seeds at home.

How to grow ginger from buds on ginger

Ginger grows underground and can be buried about two centimeters underground and kept in a sunny place. Choose a piece of ginger with a lot of bumpy nodules at the ends (these are the buds). Place an inch or two of potting soil under the ginger and sprinkle only half an inch on top. Water the plant regularly in your vegetable garden. As soon as the leaves dry up after six months, they can be harvested.

How to grow garlic from individual cloves

Garlic can also be easily grown in a vegetable garden at home. “The greens (that is, the leaves) grow in eight to 10 days, while the bulbs take eight to nine months. Press the individual cloves two to three inches into the ground. Make sure that the flat end is facing down. Place it in a sunny place and water the pot every day. Once the greens are five to six inches tall, you can use them in your dishes,” adds Shah.

How to grow okra from seeds

Okra or Lady Finger is a sun-loving plant. It can grow both in raised beds and in containers kept in direct sunlight. It is grown by direct sowing, and most varieties of okra cannot withstand Transplantation. Sow the okra seeds in a well-drained soil rich in added organic fertilizer. After almost eight to 10 weeks of planting the seeds, you can harvest cookies with a spoon.

6. how to water a vegetable garden?

Always use a watering can with a soft sprinkler for the home vegetable garden. Although regular watering is necessary for plants, excess water can cause damage and can also remove nutrients from the soil. Water the plants twice in the summer and once a day during the monsoon. To ensure that your plants are watered optimally, check the soil moisture by pressing on it with your fingers, then water the plant as needed. Add manure to the soil after rains, as excessive rain can remove nutrients from the soil. Excess water harms the plant because the roots tend to shrink and cannot be revived.

7. How to make compost for a vegetable garden at home

If you are planning to grow a vegetable garden on your balcony or outdoors, it is important to know some important things about the vegetable garden.

8. harvest the products and enjoy the benefits of the kitchen farm

Organic kitchen gardening or urban farming not only give owners fresh, pesticide-free food, but the process itself can be therapeutic. The best advantages of a vegetable garden at home are that it offers a type of fresh vegetable free of harmful chemicals that can cause health problems. The importance of the vegetable garden is that you also reduce the waste that ends up in landfills by making compost from kitchen waste at home and helping the environment. Gardening in the kitchen has a positive effect on our well-being-it is a relaxing activity that can help overcome anxiety. It can also be a great family activity to help children cope with boredom and improve their motor skills. We can also be creative by recycling and painting old pots, containers, plastic bottles, milk cartons, etc., to be used as planters. The home vegetable garden improves the air quality, improves the aesthetics of the space and provides a feeling of fulfillment and joy

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